中國芭蕾舞劇《紅色娘子軍》

2017-10-25

中國芭蕾舞劇《紅色娘子軍》


(根據梁信同名電影文學劇本改編)
編導:李承祥、蔣祖慧、王希賢
作曲:吳祖強、杜鳴心、戴宏威、施萬春、王燕樵
主題歌《娘子軍連歌》作曲:黃  準
舞美設計:馬運洪
燈光設計:梁紅洲
演    出:中央芭蕾舞團
藝術總監:馮  英
The Red Detachment of Women
(Adaptation from the movie with the same name, which was screenplayed by Liang Xin)
Choreography by Li Chengxiang, Jiang Zuhui, Wang Xixian
Composed by Wu Zuqiang, Du Mingxin, Dai Hongwei, Shi Wanchun, Wang Yanqiao
Theme Song, “The Song of the Detachment” Composed by Huang Zhui
Stage Design by Ma Yunhong
Lighting Design by Liang Hongzhou
National Ballet of China
Artistic Director:Feng Ying
National Ballet of China Symphony Orchestra
Conductors: Zhang Yi, Liu Ju

 
劇情簡介
故事發生在二十世紀三十年代的中國海南島。舞劇講述了從惡霸南霸天府中逃出來的丫鬟瓊花,在紅軍黨代表洪常青以及戰友們的幫助下,經過血與火的戰斗考驗,從一名苦大仇深的鄉下丫鬟,逐漸轉變成長為一名堅定的革命戰士的過程,生動描繪了一幅中國婦女堅強不屈革命精神的壯美圖卷。
序幕  夜——惡霸地主南霸天的土牢
貧農女兒瓊花被綁吊在柱子上,狗腿子老四奉命將她賣掉。瓊花仇恨滿腔,踢倒老四,奪命而逃。
第一場  深夜——漆黑的椰林
瓊花逃出匪巢不久,即被追來的惡奴捉捕,被打得遍體鱗傷,昏死過去。剎時暴雨傾盆,南霸天料瓊花已死,遂與奴仆倉皇而去。紅軍干部洪常青與通信員小龐化裝偵察,途經椰林,救起瓊花,問明身世后,指引瓊花投奔紅區。
第二場  幾天后的上午—紅色根據地廣場
晴空萬里,彩旗飄揚,軍民共同慶祝紅色娘子軍連的成立。
瓊花歷盡艱辛趕到會場,受到熱烈的歡迎和親切的關懷。她憤怒地控訴了南霸天的滔天罪行,激起軍民怒火萬丈。娘子軍黨代表洪常青以瓊花的世代怨仇教育廣大軍民。瓊花隨即加入娘子軍,并由連長授槍。
第三場  黃昏——南霸天的庭院
趁南霸天慶壽,洪常青喬裝為歸國華僑巨商,深入虎穴,約定午夜鳴槍為號,與娘子軍里應外合,殲滅南賊。入夜,瓊花悄悄進入匪巢與小龐聯絡。一見南霸天,瓊花抑制不住滿腔怒火,擅自開槍,過早地暴露了戰斗信號。南霸天得以從地洞潛逃,洪常青堅定果斷,沉著指揮,與戰友齊攻匪巢,紅軍開倉分糧,貧苦的眾鄉親慶祝解放,一片歡騰景象。瓊花違反紀律,打亂了作戰部署,洪常青對她進行語重心長的勸導。
第四場  清晨——紅軍宿營地
洪常青給娘子軍上政治課,教育戰士們加強組織紀律性。經過洪常青的教誨,瓊花豁然開朗,決心為解放全國人民而戰斗。鄉親們采荔枝,編斗笠慰問紅軍,軍民團結一家親。
突接命令,傳來炮聲,南匪已進犯解放區。戰士、擔架隊告別親人,滿懷勝利信心踏上征程。
第五場  黎明前——山口陣地
為殲滅敵人后援,紅軍主力部隊迅速轉移,插入敵軍后方。洪常青率阻擊排戰士,臨守山口,英勇奮戰,阻擊敵人。任務完成后,常青掩護戰友撤離陣地,不幸身負重傷,昏迷被俘。洪常青蘇醒后,毅然挺立,怒視群匪。
過場  紅軍主力以排山倒海之勢,奮勇前進,追殲匪軍。
第六場  黃昏——南霸天的后院
紅軍主力節節勝利,步步逼進南賊老巢。南霸天驚恐萬狀,垂死掙扎,妄想威逼洪常青投降。洪常青怒斥南賊,斷然拒絕,大義凜然,英勇就義,盡顯其大無畏的英雄氣概。
幾經艱苦,紅軍解放了椰林寨,殲滅了南霸天。瓊花接任了黨代表職務,廣大群眾紛紛參加紅軍,戰斗的歌聲響徹云霄。

向前進,向前進,勝利向前進!



The Red Detachment of Women
Based on a legend of heroism on Hainan Island in 1930s, this story is about a slave girl Qionghua who escapes from despot Nan Batian’s house and joins the Red Army. With the help of party representative Hong Changqing and her comrades, this peasant girl, who has experienced much bitterness and is thirsting for revenge, endures the trial of blood and fire, and gradually becomes a determined solider of revolution. It is a grand spectacle about the perseverant revolution spirit of Chinese women.   
Prelude: In a dungeon of local despot Nan Batian (Lord of the South). Night.
A poor peasant’s daughter Qionghua is bound to a pillar, when Nan’s lackey Lao Si comes in with an order to sell her away. With her heart filled with enmity, Qionghua kicks Lao Si to the ground and runs for her freedom.
Scene One: In the pitch-dark coconut woods. Late at night.
Qionghua is captured by the minions of Nan Batian shortly after her escape. She is beaten into a comma. A heavy rain begins to fall. Believing Qionghua already dead, Nan Batian hastes away with his minions.
The Red Army cadre Hong Changqing and the messenger Xiao Pang pass by the coconut woods in disguise for a scout mission. They find Qionghua and bring her back to consciousness. Recognized her bitter sufferings, they directed her to the Red Area.
Scene Two: At the Square in the Red Area. Morning, a few days later.
Colorful flags fly under the boundless blue sky, as the soldiers and the people celebrating the founding of the Red Detachment of Women.
Upon her arrival after overcoming all kinds of difficulties, Qionghua is warmly received with great care. She tells others her sufferings, condemning the despot for his crimes, which provoked great wrath of the soldiers and the people. The Party Representative of the Detachment, Hong Changqing inspires the soldiers and the people with her bitter examples. Qionghua joins the Red Detachment, and is presented a rifle by her Company Officer.
Scene Three: In the despot’s court yard. Dusk.
Disguised as a rich Chinese businessman from overseas, Hong Changqing attends Nan Batian’s birthday feast. He has planned to fire a shot at midnight as a signal for the Red Detachment to raid the bandits. 
As night falls, Qionghua sneaks into the enemy’s den to get in contact with Xiao Pang. Running into Nan Batian accidentally, she cannot suppress her rage and shoots at the despot, which lets off the combat signal too soon and enables Nan Batian to flee via an underground tunnel. Hong Changqing leads the detachment in an attack that captures the enemy’s den. 
The Red Army opens Nan Batian’s barn and distributes food to the people. The poor rural folk celebrate their liberation.
Qionghua’s violation of discipline has compromised the operation plan. Hong Changqing gently reproaches her.
Scene Four: In the Red Army Camp. Early morning.
Hong Changqing lectures the Red Detachment of Women on politics. He reminds the soldiers of the need for discipline. Qionghua understands and determines to fight for the liberation of the whole country.
Rural folk pick lychees and make bamboo hats for the Red Army as a sign of appreciation. The Army and the people are like one big happy family.
An order is received and a cannon fire is heard. Rogues of Nan Batian are attacking the Red Area. Filled with confidence in victory, everyone hurries out to do his bit to conquer the enemy.
Scene Five: At a mountain pass. Before dawn
To cut the enemy off from reinforcements, the main forces of the Red Army shift quickly to the back of the enemy camp, when Hong Changqing leads the detachment to guard the mountain pass. Giving cover for his comrades to leave the base, he sustains injuries. He is knocked unconscious and captured. After coming back to consciousness, he stares at the enemy in defiance.
Interlude
The Red Army moves forward in full swing to destroy the enemy.
Scene Six: In the backyard of Nan Batian’s House. At dusk.
Getting the upper hand in the combat, the Red Army closes in the enemy. Now in fear and trepidation, Nan Batian makes a final effort to fight back. He tries to force Hong Changqing to surrender. Hong gallantly refuses at the cost of his life.
As dark clouds dispel, a rainbow appears. The Red Army succeeds in liberating the coconut field and Nan Batian is killed. Qionghua takes up the post of the Party Representative. The whole community joins the Red Army and the sound of their combat songs are heard everywhere.
“March, march, march, forward for victory!”

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